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inside a peasant's house
Inside a peasant’s house

The houses that peasants lived in during the middle ages were called Cruck houses. This was because of the wooden frame (cruck) that they used to support the house. The cruck beams were shaped like this:


The walls were made of wattle and daub. Wattle was twigs which were criss-crossed together and daub was mud and straw that were put over the top of the wattle like plaster. The roof was made of thatched straw and had a small hole in the top to allow the smoke from the fire to escape. They did not have chimneys so the houses would have been very smoky. On the walls of the house the peasants would hang their tools and they would have very simple furniture such as a wooden table and stools. In the winter their animals would also sleep inside the houses so they would have been very dirty and smelly places to live. Most peasants did not have beds so they would sleep on the floor on a bed of straw.

Questions

1. What was the name of the houses that peasant’s lived in?

The houses that peasant’s lived in were called ..

2. What was wattle ?
3. What was daub ?
4. What was the roof made from?
5. Why was the house smoky?
6. What types of furniture did peasants have?
7. Where did most peasants sleep?

8. Draw a rough sketch of the houses that the peasants lived in

(from http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/users/deetz/images/jfdcruck.gif)

Try these websites for more information about Cruck Houses:

historylearningsite.co.uk

www.kewatch.co.uk/cruck.html